Does the design of educational centers affect learning?
It has been a few days since the students from all over Spain have returned to the educational centers, where they will spend a large part of the day to train for the future. What not everyone knows is that in recent years, great emphasis is being placed on the enormous importance of training centers in the creation of tomorrow's society. Due to their importance, in recent years, the classrooms have begun to change their configuration with the aim of promoting learning and communication, stimulating sensory experiences to the maximum and optimizing the sense of well-being of its members.
For many years, the designs of educational centers have resembled spaces that resemble prisons, instead of being places for learning. This is changing thanks to a design that is committed to the use of multipurpose and open spaces, giving great weight to natural light and looking for interior comfort.
Taking advantage of this start of the course, Sto experts have analyzed the main design elements that are marking the future of architecture.
Multi-comfort centers based on sustainability
According to a study by the British University of Salford, the orientation of the classes, light, noise, temperature or air quality in each classroom influence 25% in academic performance. What has led to ensure the "multi-comfort" Through sustainable construction is the main objective:
- Thermal comfort: It is determined by temperature, humidity or air currents. This thermal comfort is achieved by applying elements such as thermal insulation - which in a passive way allows significant savings in energy consumption, with the consequent cost savings and contribution to the environment-, the installation of double or triple glazed windows, or the use of membranes that limit unwanted air infiltration.
- Acoustic comfort. Parameters such as external noise, vibrations, listening quality or intelligibility not only directly affect the concentration, they are also a determining element in health and health. stress levels of students and teaching staff. Therefore, insulation and protection against external noise and acoustic conditioning to prevent the readability of speech is interrupted are key.
- Visual comfort Several studies have determined that natural light improves the quality of life of the members, produces greater physical and mental activation, and provides vitality. Hence, the orientation and inclusion of constructive solutions that increase the percentage of natural light (large windows, skylights, zeniths, roof windows, glass walls, etc.) inside are so important in educational architecture.
- Indoor air quality. To maintain an optimal state inside, you are opting for various air renewal mechanisms to decrease pollutant concentrations, pollen, dust, mites, odors or smoke.
Flexible and functional learning spaces
The school of the future will break with the concept of “classroom” or “class” and will admit diversified uses and changes in thestructures through mobile partitions, curtains, screens, sliding doors ... The objective is for the educational center to choose the learning space according to the activity to be carried out, thus adapting the environment to their needs. It has been shown that creating classrooms with more dynamic distributions encourages creativity, favors an open mind and helps make learning more collaborative.
Common areas where to share and learn
The halls are no longer conceived as a place of passage, but as spaces where you can also learn. Now it is possible find on them blackboards, collaborative murals, work tables, learning elements or, taking a step further, multipurpose objects where you can perform all these actions with a single element of furniture.
A place that stimulates sensory experiences to the fullest
All neurobiological investigations demonstrate the great co-role of the senses in the construction of knowledge. Therefore, it is necessary to create environments with a diversity of smells, sounds, textures and tones that enrich. In this regard, lChoice of colors is one of the most important elements. Hence, now, the model of white walls and uniform colors is going down in history and is betting on a certain hue, depending on the school level or the use of a certain room.
As an alternative to solid constructions we find the modular ones. They are characterized by building very quickly, giving a faster and more effective response to quickly meet the growing demand for new schools.
Integration of the exterior into the interior
The goal now is not to isolate, but to integrate. There are many projects that are already achieving this connection between the exterior and the interior: large windows that serve as a seat and that encourage students to explore what surrounds them, facades in which to climb and play and that are part of the same learning space, training centers located around an element related to nature (for example, a tree), etc.