How to choose an industrial lathe?

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Decor : How to choose an industrial lathe?

We live in an industrialized world, where processes must be carried out in an estimated time, in order to mass produce and obtain the highest performance at a low cost.

The development of heavy industry has evolved very fast With the passage of time and the demand has increased considerably in this sector.

It’s more, the turnery has had to be divided into different branches, each with specific functions to compensate for specialization. For this reason, more and more industries decide to buy a conventional lathe.

The industrial lathe as machinery for specific use, since the beginning of industrial life has always been very important in this sector.

So then we are going to explain a little more about this machine, what it is, what it consists of, its types and how to choose a suitable industrial lathe.

What is a lathe and what is it for?

industrial lathe

The lathe is one of the most demanded machine tools on the marketboth in maintenance workshops and production machining workshops.

A lathe is basically a rotary tool capable of precise roughing, profiling and shaping to a large number of materials until we find the piece we want.

Types of lathes

As we have already mentioned, turnery has been divided into several branches, among the most important are the following types:

  • Milling turning machine: Performs the cut of the machined material, with a tool of several resistant metal plates.
  • Revolver Turning: in the machining of the pieces uses several pieces.
  • Copier Turning: to create or reproduce a piece follow a template.
  • Automatic turning– Uses CNC technology to create small and medium parts.

In addition, the lathes can be classified as:

  • Parallel lathes: they are best known for their versatility when it comes to manufacturing parts, ideal for small workshops due to their low purchase cost and low maintenance.
  • Vertical lathes: designed for machining large parts.
  • CNC lathes: one of the most used. The turning is controlled by a computer.

What to keep in mind when buying an industrial lathe?

Acquiring a new machine, carries a series of questions that we must solve in the most convincing way possible.

First it is important to understand the purchase as an investment, since it becomes part of the assets of the company itself. Therefore, you have to choosing the right lathe to ensure the longevity of the business.

Both its production and the quality of products will depend directly on the performance of the machine.

When we choose a lathe we must be clear about what type of operation is intended to be carried out with the lathe, to what type of material to use, what number of pieces or production in a certain period of time can be done with the lathe and what repayment term is feasible for the company.

We take the opportunity to explain the differences of wood and metal lathes.

Differences between metal and wood lathe

The operation of both is the same. A belt driven by a motor rolls the axis on which the part to be machined is placed.

Unlike other machines, the cutting power is carried out by rotation of the piece and not by the rotation of the tool.

The main differences are their grating gadgets, since in the metal lathe its shaped tips are made of tungsten carbide to be able to profile any metal, while wood lathes are tool steel to shape the piece of wood.

What price does a lathe usually have and how can it vary?

He lathe price may vary depending on whether it is new or second-hand equipment. As well the type of lathe influences, that we can acquire from a conventional one to one of greater technological sophistication.

The market is highly competitive for this machinery. The buyer must choose the lathe according to the type of part, uses and scale of production and size.

In the market, the lathes in greatest demand are CNC lathesSince it is relatively cheaper to design software to change the coding of turning and machining parts, than to design a new machine.


The use of lathes is very wide in the industry, since it can be used in the automotive, computer, dental, electrical, wood and other industries that require machining, screwing, cutting, turning, drilling and grooving parts in a geometric shape.

However, it is advisable to seek advice from specialized personnel in case of having doubts about the purchase of the lathe that you need both industrially and privately.

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