Outdoor flooring: types, advantages and disadvantages

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Decor : Outdoor flooring: types, advantages and disadvantages

Good weather encourages people to use the outside areas of their homes. Patios and gardens become the kings of the house during the spring and summer months, which makes it of great importance to have them well prepared to make the most of them. In this sense, there are many materials that can be used outdoors, each of them with its characteristics that make it more or less suitable, depending on the use it will be given. Among all of them, ceramic has become one of the most demanded options to create spaces with a marked aesthetic and unbeatable resistance.

Let’s see below the advantages and disadvantages of the main materials that we can use.


Wood is warm and comfortable. There are different types of woods for outdoor floors. Pine wood is the cheapest, but it has many problems due to its high absorption. The most suitable for outdoors are tropical woods, as they better withstand humidity. Outdoor wooden floors are one of the most decorative options, however, being a living material that changes its appearance over time, protective treatments must be applied periodically to maintain it.


The maintenance cost of the wood is very high. Wooden floors should be treated with specific products at least twice a year, in addition to being scrubbed regularly with water and neutral soap. It is not recommended to use a high pressure cleaner for cleaning or abrasive cleaners. It is a material that is very vulnerable to inclement weather, especially humidity, and its installation is more complicated than that of other types of floors. It usually loses color over time.


Ceramic is a practical and aesthetic solution for outdoor floors. It is resistant to climatic attacks and durable against wear, the passage of time, humidity and changes in temperature. Porcelain is one of the most resistant materials for intensive and outdoor use and its maintenance is very simple. The very nature of ceramics makes it the most suitable solution for exterior floors, as it has a minimal porosity that does not absorb moisture, as well as having a high resistance to knocks and scratches. Keraben Grupo offers a multitude of designs for covering exterior floors, such as simulation wood, stone or polished cement.

The ceramic allows the development of non-slip finishes, such as the ANTISLIP SHOELESS flooring by Keraben Grupo, an excellent range of non-slip porcelains with roughness imperceptible to the touch. These materials incorporate a non-slip exterior finish with an extra silky texture, which complies with the requirements of the Technical Building Code (CTE) and respects the designs and colors of the natural finish of the pieces thanks to its high transparency, allowing the creation of totally homogeneous spaces . In addition, its maintenance is simple and it is not necessary to use specific products from the first site cleaning. All the properties of ANTISLIP SHOELESS have been tested and verified by the Institute of Ceramic Technology (ITC).


It is important to leave a joint never smaller than 3 mm to avoid problems with possible expansion or contraction due to heat and frost. Special maintenance with specific products is also necessary for a proper final cleaning of the work.

Cement and microcement

Cement is strong, versatile, and easy to maintain. It is little affected by the action of the sun, so it maintains its color. Exterior concrete floors require access through which the machine necessary to carry them out can pass. In addition, it is possible that they suffer fissures or cracks. Also in the case of microcements, the soil exposed to the sun, due to high temperatures, can burn your feet. In addition, its industrial-type aesthetic makes it incompatible with certain decorative styles.


Continuous cladding, lacking expansion joints, can suffer the stresses produced in the support due to temperature changes or movements that occur in the building due to vibrations or settlement, and suffer cracks or cracks. In addition, for the installation to be done correctly, it can last up to a week in the case of floors. As for damage, the solution is not easy, since a wide area will have to be fixed so that the color change is not noticed.

Natural stone

Natural stone is one of the most widely used options for covering outdoor floors, especially in rustic settings. The slate is usually used on the edges of the pool and on terraces due to its impermeability. In addition to the problems caused by humidity, natural stones present.


Constant humidity can lead to the growth of algae, moss, as well as large spots of rust or saltpeter and lime on natural stone. The sun also affects this material, which can alter color and destroy shine.

These are some of the most common materials used in terraces, gardens or swimming pools. Although each one has characteristics that make it more or less appropriate to the functionality they are going to fulfill, ceramics, by their very nature, have become one of the most demanded options to create spaces with a marked aesthetic and unbeatable resistance. Its advantages are indisputable, its placement adapts to the space, its maintenance is simple and its uses are multiple.

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